Tajne oblicze GL-AL i PPR: Dokumenty (Polish Edition)Jan Paczkis|Tuesday, December 22, 2009
Unmasks the Tactics and Deeds of the Communist Bands in German-Occupied Poland, December 19, 2009 THE SECRET FACE OF THE GL-AL AND PPR: DOCUMENTS is the title of this Polish language book, edited by scholars Marek Chodakiewicz, Piotr Gontarczyk, and Leszek Zebrowski. It is a needed corrective to the glorification of the GL-AL during the decades of the Soviet-imposed Communist puppet state in Poland.
To begin with, the GL-AL was much smaller than usually claimed: It had merely 5,000-6,000 members in the spring of 1944. (vol 1, p. 23, 64, 83). Most of its alleged exploits against the German occupants cannot be verified, while others were actually the work of the AK (A. K.) or NSZ (N. S. Z). (vol 1, p. 128, 144).
The documents are full of typical Communist rhetoric. The Soviet Union can do no wrong, the prewar Polish regime was a fascist one in cahoots with Hitler, and the non-Communist Polish guerillas consist of aristocrats and landowners (demonstrably false: vol. 1, p. 209).
Unlike the AK and NSZ, the GL-AL engaged in acts that deliberately provoked German terroristic reprisals against the Polish population. This was designed to generate desperate, traumatized Poles who would join the GL-AL in order to get succor and revenge. (vol. 1, p. 26). Such was a common tactic of Communist movements worldwide (Chodakiewicz, personal communication). In some instances, Polish peasants killed GL-AL members, or denounced them to the Germans, in order to forestall these provocations. (vol. 1, p. 121, 166).
Another major GL-AL tactic was mass banditry. (vol 1, pp. 29-30, pp. 99-on, 181-on, etc.). This was not only done to secure provisions from a generally-unsupportive population, but also to induce it to be willing to accept ANY regime that would restore "law and order". The GL-AL bandits commonly left NSZ materials behind so that the latter would get the blame, and so the NSZ made it clear that it never requisitions materials by force. (vol. 1, pp. 196-198).
There were many Jews in the GL-AL, as evident from Jewish sources. (vol 1, p. 102). Ironically, the ranks of the GL-AL also included Ukrainian Nazi-collaborators who had helped murder the Jews at Treblinka, and now feared for their lives as eyewitnesses. (vol. 1, p. 129).
Jewish authors commonly accuse the AK and NSZ of being anti-Semitic, but are largely silent about the anti-Semitism that existed in the ranks of the GL-AL, as proved by its documents. (vol. 1, p. 230, 233). Jewish writings commonly complain about Polish peasants requiring payment to help fugitive Jews, but seldom if ever complain about the fact that the GL-AL took hefty payments for the same. (vol 1, p. 176). Finally, volumes of accusations of Jew-killing by the AK and NSZ have been leveled by Jewish authors, but they say nothing about the fact that the GL-AL killed fugitive Jews. Tens to hundreds of Jews were killed by a GL-AL unit in the Lublin region alone. (vol. 1, pp. 10-11). A GL-AL commander in the Kielce-Radom region shot Jews who escaped from German camps. (vol. 1, p. 138).
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