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History of the Jews in Russia and Poland: From the Earliest Times Until the Present Day

Monday, May 21, 2012
The vast majority of "Russian" Jews were Polish Jews living in tsarist Russian-occupied Polish territories. (Review based on original edition). Owing to the fact that these three volumes were originally written just before Poland's acquisition of independence (1918), they were not influenced by this event. >>more...

The Ruthenian (Ukrainan)Question In Galicia

Friday, October 28, 2011
This short book (review based on original 1919 edition) is packed with information. The data is from Austrian sources. These indicate that 59% of the population of Eastern Galicia was Ruthenian (Ukrainian), and that Polish majorities existed not only in Lwow and other cities, but also in many large enclaves north of the Dniester (Dnister) River, especially in the Tarnopol (Ternopil) area. (pp. 3-5). >>more...

bloody harvests

Friday, October 28, 2011
BLOODY HARVESTS BEYOND THE STYR, HORYN, AND SLUCZ RIVERS is the title of this Polish-language book (Review based on 2nd edition, 2004). It describes the unfolding WWII Ukrainian fascist-separatist OUN-UPA genocide of Poles under the German-Nazi occupation, and how the Poles defended themselves against the Ukrainian REZUNY (cutthroats). Stepanska Huta, the largest Polish defended village in Wolyn that eventually failed, is recounted in considerable detail. This book includes a comprehensive historical narrative, maps (including UPA battle plans), personal testimonies, a profusion of photos, etc. >>more...

Between Life & Death: History of Jewish Life in Wartime Poland 1939-1945

Monday, June 20, 2011
This book is not an easy read, and the person who is unfamiliar with the Holocaust may find difficulty in following some of the discussions in the book. Most of it centers on the experiences of Polish Jews in German-occupied southwest Poland, notably in the Nazi camp at Pustkow. >>more...

The Life of Jews in Poland before the Holocaust: A Memoir

Saturday, May 21, 2011
If you want detailed information on the nuts-and-bolts practice of religion among the Jews of pre-WWII Poland, this book is for you. This work emphasizes religious observances over religious philosophies, although Gold does engage in some post-Holocaust soul-searching. There is interesting information on the role of women in Orthodox Judaism (pp. 55-on), along with the Jewish concept of the Messiah and of the hereafter. (p. 31). There were a number of activities performed in the ten-day period between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur. "One of them was Kapparoth (Atonements), a ritual in which one's sins are passed on to a chicken, a rooster, or even a fish, which is offered as a substitute for oneself." (p. 37). >>more...

O (nie)pomaganiu Żydom. Cena strachu.

Friday, April 8, 2011
Lord Jim przestraszył się raz. Uciekł, nie pomógł innym. Przestraszył się, bowiem groziła mu pewna śmierć. Potem całe życie płacił za to własnym szalonym bohaterstwem. Dokonał wyboru, aby zawsze ryzykować wszystko dla innych i tym sposobem zmyć plamę na własnym sumieniu. To był sposób na odkupienie. Lord Jim to naturalnie postać literacka, ale Joseph Conrad wymyślił go sobie nie jako przeciętnego zjadacza chleba, lecz jako osobę wybitną. Mimo to jego bohater przestraszył się, gdy stanął w obliczu śmierci. Miał wybór i raz wybrał ucieczkę. Potem nadludzkim wysiłkiem woli zdyscyplinował się i ze świadomą pogardą śmierci wybrał postawę zupełnie przeciwną. >>more...

Thore who risked their lives,Jews of Bialystok,Phirte of Eagles,year 1919-20, batle of warsaw

Sunday, May 23, 2010
        The Yad Vashem list, containing personal names, locality information, and short-paragraph descriptions of each of the 5,400 honored Poles, is valid as of the end of 2003. However, the limitations of the Yad Vashem system should be remembered. First of all, numerous Polish rescuers were never honored by Yad Vashem because the ungrateful rescued Jews refused to identify or confirm the names of their Polish rescuers. Second, Yad Vashem refuses to honor the many Poles who were murdered by the Germans in reprisal for aid to Jews. In still other cases, both the hidden Jews and Polish benefactors were murdere                                             >>more...

The Triumph of Provocation

Friday, April 9, 2010
This work provides countless historical details, a few of which I mention. King Stanislaw August is described as excessively conciliatory to Russia, but not someone who was a puppet of Catherine the Great. (pp. 40-41).

Polonophobes and Communist apologists still try to blame the Poles for starting the 1920 Polish-Soviet War. Mackiewicz, a participant in this war, knows better. He notes the seamless flow of conflict going back to the battles of WWI: "It [the 1920 War] was caused in the first place by the Germans' withdrawal from the intervening zone of occupation, the Ober-Ost, in February 1919, and continued without a break until 12 October 1920. The Soviet War grew out of the first unplanned skirmish, which occurred at Bereza Kartuska in Byelorussia on 14 February 1919." (p. 218). >>more...

American and British Investigations of the Pogroms in Poland, 1918-1920, March 11, 2010

Saturday, March 13, 2010
I focus on Samuel and Wright. [1920 pagination]. Want more? See the the Peczkis reviews of All in a life-time, and Poland and the Minority Races (Eastern Europe Collection Series).

Western press accounts spoke of thousands of Jews killed in Polish pogroms. (The Situation, p. 57). (90% of these turned out to be unfounded: ibid, p. 56). Vicious Polonophobic screeds were circulated. (reprint, p. 49). The actual death toll, a few hundred, was equated with the Turkish massacres of hundreds of thousands of Armenians. (Letter, p. 53). Kempczynski criticized what might be called Jewish-suffering-is-special thinking, citing the ongoing hostilities between many different peoples against each other: "Yet none of these nations has raised the cry: `pogrom.' Bloodshed, licentiousness, robbery is a natural outcome of war." (p. 54). >>more...

In the Shadow of Katyn: Stalin's Terror

Monday, March 1, 2010
This work, originally published in Polish (1976), and made available in Poland (1990), was eventually translated into Russian and now English. Swianiewicz, a long-lived (1899-1997) Pole of Scottish descent, and dabbler in freemasonry (p. 199), was a Polish POW at Kozielsk, yet he was one of the 3% not murdered at Katyn (p. 66), possibly because he was of use as a Sovietologist. (p. xv; see also p. 122). >>more...
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