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Controversy POlish elites did not save the jews

admin|Tuesday, April 4, 2017

(VI). As Polish independence was finally becoming reality (1918), local Jews generally sided with Germany over the contested territories of western Poland:

  Jedwabne investigation terminated prematurely   At his Colin Miller Memorial Lecture in 2003, Jan Gross conceded that the forensic investigation had been prematurely terminated. "And had it not been prematurely terminated, then we would really know." Hence we do not really know, and Jan Grabowski does not really know. Surely he will support concluding the investigation, and so clear up the problem of German bullets in the graves. In the Daily Forward, Gross repeated his caution, stating: "Some important findings were recovered, but questions persisted because the probe was interrupted before basic facts could be recovered.” (Sept. 17, 2014, "Polish Jews Split Over Exhuming Nazi Massacre Victims.") I'll put Grabowski's book on my list, but won't be driven to read it by sensationalism in Haaretz. "Orgy of murders" -- really!     read more: http://www.haaretz.com/opinion/.premium-1.777671?v=E1D175EEB240867FC65D1D0F2ECEB77C
Begin forwarded message: From: Marek Blazejak <Marek.Blazejak@gmx.de>
Date: March 20, 2017 at 01:42:22 GMT
To: <aluf@haaretz.co.il>
Cc: <mike.dagan@haaretz.co.il>, <noa.landau@haaretz.co.il>, <esther.solomon@haaretz.co.il>, <alon_i@haaretz.co.il>, <avi.scharf@haaretz.co.il>, <nyti@haaretz.co.il>, <simon@haaretz.co.il>, <bjoern.schmidt@dumont.de>, <cornelia.seinsche@dumont.de>, <deanarts@uOttawa.ca>, <Arts.Gouvernance@uOttawa.ca>, <sarah.foster@uOttawa.ca>, <ethics@uottawa.ca>, <alastair.mullin@uOttawa.ca>, <president@uOttawa.ca>, <arts-vd.research@uOttawa.ca>, <respect@uOttawa.ca>
Subject: Letter of Protest / Haaretz (DuMont Mediengruppe) / Jan Grabowski _ Ofer Aderet Dear Mr. Benn,   We  refer to the recent opinion story in “Haaretz” No, Poland's Elites Didn't Try to Save the Jews During the Holocaust by professor Jan Grabowski from the Ottawa University, and the article 'Orgy of murder': The Poles who 'hunted' Jews and turned them over to the Nazis of February 11, 2017 by your editor Ofer Aderet.   As members of the Polish Media Issues group, an international organization of Polish diaspora which actively deals with biased reports about Poland, we must protest in the strongest terms about the repetitive slanderous insinuations of your journalist Ofer Aderet and your regular contributor professor Grabowski. The magnitude of your obvious detestation of Poles in WW2 German-occupied Poland is shocking and unacceptable!   Prof. Grabowski claims in his article that: The attitude of the decision-makers toward the Jews in occupied Poland can be described as indifferent at best, and openly hostile at worst and he blackens Gen. Stefan Rowecki and Polish diplomats Jan Karski or Roman Knoll in his typical manner without giving the appropriate sources supporting his slanderous claims (FYI:  Karski was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom  by President Obama for informing the Allies about the treacherous situation of Jews in occupied Poland). He also quotes the Jewish scholars Datner and Ringelblum who unfortunatelly have never done any quantitative research as to the alleged number of Poles who killed Jews. He goes even so far as to discredit the initiative of the Polish government to open a Museum in Markowa commemorating Poles that bravely saved Jews during WW2. The museum is named after the Polish Ulm family (Józef Ulm, his pregnant wife and their six children), who were shot dead by a German patrol for hiding Jews. Your contributor Grabowski states: Berendt (Polish historian) could also look into the disgraceful exhibition of the recently opened Museum of Poles Saving Jews in Markowa, which is a product of his institution, and which shamelessly distorts the history of the Shoah. The words “disgraceful exhibition” or “product of his institution” or “shamelessly distorts” are very pejorative and attest to a malign and vicious state of mind of the author. Nobody in Poland would ever describe Yad Vashem in such a way, although Yad Vashem doesn’t mention people like Solomon Milshtein or Jakub Berman, both of whom were responsible for brutal Polish suffering during and after the war.   It is extremely offensive and insensitive to discredit the commemoration of people who were victims of the German terror. It is also a sign of utmost arrogance to discredit the brave and highly laudable efforts of people like Karski whose testimonies along with the report of Captain Witold Pilecki (volunteer prisoner of Auschwitz) were important parts of the so called Vrba–Wetzler report, also known as the Auschwitz Protocols, documenting German war atrocities in Auschwitz. Grabowski and Aderet have never faced the horrific distress of WW2, and they have no moral right to judge in such a humiliating language the people who experienced years of Nazi German terror. They have also no right to manipulate and selectively use historical research about the Holocaust.   It is also extremely offensive to claim that Polish Catholic Church did nothing to help Jews during the war. The Polish priests themselves were targeted victims of German terror. According to professor Eugeniusz Duraczyński 18% of them were killed and many others were imprisioned in concentration camps (in KZ Dachau, the biggest graveyard of the clergy in Europe, 868 Polish priests and bishops perished, while those who survived were subjected to terrible medical experiments and tortures). Maximilian Kolbe, a Polish Conventual Franciscan friar, sheltered about 2,000 Jewish refugees in his monastery at Niepokalanów during the war. He is not even recognized by Yad Vashem as Righteous. He was killed in Auschwitz. Archbishop Sapieha, Metropolitan of Krakow, focused on organising secret help for Jews in the region of Małopolska during the war and became its main organiser. Jerzy Śląski, a respected Polish journalist  wrote about the significance of the help organised by Sapieha: “The example for clergy in this respect (help for Jews) was also the Metropolitan of Krakow Archbishop Adam Sapieha who appealed to Frank many times to stop terror against the Jewish people and when his appeals were in vain, he personally directed rescue actions.”  Also the Jewish doctor, director of the Jewish infectious diseases ward in the Krakow Ghetto, Aleksander Biberstein stated that Sapieha focused on organising secret help for Jews in the region of Malopolska during the war and became its main organiser.   Another Polish historian Dr. Ewa Kurek described in her book "Jewish Children in Convents. The Participation of Women's Religious Orders in Saving Jewish Children in Poland between 1939-1945" the rescue of about 1,200 Jewish children. The nuns risked their life, as any help offered to Jews meant an immediate execution by Nazis. After the war the children were returned to Jewish communities in the USA and Israel. As you can imagine, hiding a living person is not the same as hiding radio equipment (a very rare luxury during the war). But for Grabowski it seems that there is no difference between the two.   It is totally unacceptable that Haaretz, a leading Israeli daily which is co-owned by the German publisher DuMont Mediengruppe, regularly whitewashes Germany and tangentially 'exposes' the alleged Polish participation in the Holocaust. You forget also about the disgraceful and scandalous behaviour of Judenpolizei, Judenräte and Jewish kapos (please see for details, for instance, the interviews, 1946, of David Boder on http://voices.iit.edu, a psychology professor from Chicago's Illinois Institute of Technology, with Holocaust survivors). Or the American elites, including prominent American politicians like John McCloy who blocked American plans to bomb the railroad lines leading to the German death camp Auschwitz. Or the American ideologist Madison Grant whose work “Passing of the Greate Race” became a basis for Hitler’s “Mein Kampf”. Or the Associated Press, Standard Oil, Du Pont, Ford or General Motors and the role they played during WW2. It is also inacceptable that you never report about the disgraceful behavior of American Jews or Jewish settlers in Mandatory Palestine who abhorred the Eastern European Jews and did nothing to rescue them! Instead you allow Aderet and Grabowski to repeat their mantra about Blue Police (many members were Polish-speaking Germans or Ukrainians and Blue Police was mainly a criminal police, not collaborationists) or Jedwabne and Kielce. It is an impertinence to attribute the crimes in Jedwabne or Kielce solely to Polish civilians. One of the leaders of the pogroms in Eastern Poland, incl. Jedwabne, was the SS officer Hermann Schaper who got a six years sentence from the German court in Gießen in 1976. Grabowski and Aderet mimic Gross, however, stating that Germans didn’t participate in the pogrom but only took pictures of the massacre of Jews! That lie is exposed by the shell casings of German bullets found during the aborted investigations.   Similarly with the pogrom of Jews in Kielce. As to the alleged guilt of Polish civilians in Kielce one cannot forget the publications of the former US Ambassador to Poland Arthur Bliss Lane (1944 to 1947) or Michael Chęcinski, a former Jewish intelligence officer. Mr. Lane noted in his book “I Saw Poland Betrayed: An American Ambassador Reports To The American People”: "But almost all sources agreed that the militia had been responsible to a great extent for the massacre, not only in failing to keep order but in the actual killing of the victims, for many had been shot or bayoneted to death... Chęcinski, on the other hand, wrote in his book  “Poland: Communism, Nationalism, Antisemitism” that the pogrom may well have been planned by the Soviet and Polish security services as part of a calculated plot to tighten Moscow’s grip on Poland. Needless to say that the Polish government and security services were dominated at that time by people like Minc, Berman, Olszewski, Radkiewicz, Fleischfarb, Morel and Spychalski, all of whom were controlled by the Soviet puppet-masters. If you take into account these sources, then one cannot claim that it is only the Polish civilians, and not security officers and militia, who bear the sole responsibility for the tragedy in Kielce.    The claim of professor Grabowski that Poland's elites didn't try to save the Jews during the Holocaust is both far from historical truth and ridiculous, as a substantial portion of the Polish elites were either killed by Germans at the beginning of war or perished in concentration and death camps. Some of them established the government-in-exile and some, such as the Polish diplomats in Switzerland, played a substantial role in the rescue of Jews via a secret link between European and American Jews (see Paul Stauffer, Swiss historian and diplomat) or Henryk Sławik, Polish diplomat in Budapest who rescued about 5,000 Jews by issuing false Polish passports.   We kindly ask you to refrain from harassing Poland in your newspaper and to stop offering space to people whose distorted, anti-Polish and anti-clerical reports aim not to present the historical truth but instead to seek to destroy Poland’s good name, and to blackmail Poland as an alleged Holocaust perpetrator. We appeal also to the heads of the DuMont Mediengruppe not to allow hatred and historical falsifications to flourish in “Haaretz”, the leading Israeli daily co-owned by DuMont. We appeal also to the responsible authorities at the University of Ottawa to ask them to carry out a thorough investigation into the research and publicist activities of Prof. Grabowski, and to please ensure that propaganda masquerading as historical research, and irresponsible harassment of Poland, be stopped with immediate effect. We also urge you to support scholarly debates at universities and historical institutes on the subject of Polish-Jewish relations.   Yours sincerely   Dr. Marek Błażejak Daniel M. Zamoyski , MBA Polish Media Issues Group   My comments to the articles below, not yet published. While the opinion piece by Berendt is nice, it has major omissions, and is really very one-sided. Where is Reduta?  I see others I know.   By the way, my grandaughter was approached by her half Jewish friend who told her that in Hewbrew school  they said that Poles were very bad as they tried to kill Jews.  My Grandaughter told the girl she was wrong, they looked it up  online, and her friend apologized.       http://www.haaretz.com/opinion/.premium-1.773677   Anti-Polish statements in Israeli and Jewish media outlets are very common, and there is much proof of dislike, bias and hatred towards Poles by Jews in pre-war Poland.  Exacerbating the issue is that Poles and Jews often found themselves on opposite sides of armed conflicts that Poland had with neighbors.  Poles and Jews were killed by one another prior to WW II, during, and after.  One of the main shortcomings (manipulations) of the writings of Ofer Aderet,Grabowski and others is the total silence on the questionable behaviour of some Jews towards Poles and other Jews, which would be comparable to the questionable behaviour of some Poles towards Jews.  The issue is very complex, but overall, both societies did get along for centuries as long as Poland was free, and while there is ample Jewish and Polish literature to support this, it is ignored.  Why?    http://www.haaretz.com/opinion/.premium-1.777671   Actually in German occupied Poland it was the Jewish Councils, the Jewish Police and the so called Jewish gestapo which blackmailed, identified and/or arrested Jews in hiding outside the Ghetto.  They also assisted the Germans in selecting, finding and dragging other Jews to the death transports.  Did they do this out of anti-Semitism?  What generalization should be made as a result?  Do those acts mean all, or most Jews deserved their treatment, or to be maligned as  Jan Grabowski tries to malign innocent Poles with his biased and hateful accusations based on what many consider less than fair and thorough research?  Shame on Grabowski and Ofer Aderet.   Not surprisingly, they, and their supporters will never engage in any debate with their many critics who point out their serious flaws, mistakes, omissions, less than solid evidence for their findings and conclusions, etc.  The only thing I think could possibly motivate their activities would be an attempt to try to drive a wedge between Poles and Jews, to lead Jews to hate Poles by misleading them to believe Poles did horrible things they didn't do, or on a scale that isn't true.  This would automatically lead Poles to hate Jews for accusing them falsely.  The question as to why still remains .....       The claim that there were 250,000 Jewish fugitives in the Generalgouvernment after the deportations is based on nothing but a crude guesstimate made by Szymon Datner, a former director of the Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw, yet it is treated as a given by historians from Warsaw’s Centrum Badań nad Zagładą (Polish Centre for Holocaust Research). In an interview published 30 years ago, Datner stated that “approximately” 200,000 to 250,000 Jews fled from the ghettos without specifying the geographical area. In all likelihood, he had in mind areas outside the Generalgouvernement as well, such as the Białystok district. However, Datner did not provide any statistical data to back up this claim. Moreover, Datner did not attribute the losses among the Jewish fugitives solely to the actions of Poles. See Małgorzata Niezabitowska, Remnants: The Last Jews of Poland (New York: Friendly Press, 1986), 247–50. Datner also estimated that 80,000 to 100,000 of these Jews survived, but Jan Grabowski fails to mention that important information. See Grabowski, Hunt for the Jews, 173. Based on Datner’s guesstimate of 250,000 fugitives, Krzysztof Persak concludes that the number of Jewish victims of the post-deportation hunt for Jews, known as Judenjagd, in the Generalgouvernement was at least 120,000, but it is not known what portion of those losses is attributable to German raids organized immediately after the liquidation of the ghettos, how many Jews returned to remnant ghettos, how many died of hunger and disease, and how many were the victims of actions of the local population. See Engelking and Grabowski, Zarys krajobrazu, 26. Most of these Jewish fugitives either returned to the ghettos on their own or they were captured or killed during the raids carried out by German forces immediately after Aktions took place.     Grabowski is behind a similar manipulation regarding the participation of the Polish police in the Holocaust: “Emanuel Ringelblum, the founder of the Oneg Shabbat, the underground archive of the Warsaw Ghetto—estimated the number of Jewish victims of Polish policemen alone in the ‘hundreds of thousands.’” See Jan Grabowski, “No, Poland’s Elites Didn’t Try To Save the Jews During the Holocaust,” Haaretz, March 18, 2017. In actual fact, Ringelblum used that estimate in the context of the “resettlement actions,” in which the Jewish police was also heavily involved, especially in the large cities. Ringelblum wrote:             The uniformed police has had a deplorable role in the “resettlement actions”. The blood of hundreds of thousands of Polish Jews, caught and driven to the “death vans” will be on their heads. The Germans’ tactics were usually as follows: in the first “resettlement action” they utilized the Jewish Order Service, which behaved no better from the ethical point of view than their Polish opposite numbers. In the subsequent “actions,” when the Jewish Order Service was liquidated as well, the Polish Police force was utilized.   See Emanuel Ringelblum, Polish-Jewish Relations During the Second World War (Evanston, Illinois: Northwestern University Press, 1992), 135. However, later on, when referring specifically to the Polish police, Ringelblum states:   It is difficult to estimate the number of Jews in this country who fell victim thanks to the Blue Police; it must certainly amount to tens of thousands of those who managed to escape the German slaughterers.   Ibid., 136. It is apparent that Ringelblum relies on unverified information and offers nothing more than a crude guesstimate of losses allegedly attributable to the actions of the Polish police. The Polish police, as opposed to the Jewish and other national police forces, did not take part in the liquidation of the larger ghettos such as Warsaw, Łódź, Lwów, Wilno, Białystok, Lublin, Sosnowiec, Będzin, Kraków (Cracow), Kielce, Piotrków Trybunalski, Radom, Grodno, and many other cities. Ringelblum exaggerates the role of Polish police in the liquidation of the Częstochowa and Lublin ghettos, and downplays the role of the critical role of the Jewish police and German forces. The example of Biała Podlaska is also not borne out in Dean, Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933–1945, vol. 2, Part A, 617.         Dr. Chodakiewicz,   ----------  ​The following ​ "bulletin" can be posted, with the embedded links to my reviews, in answer to the never-ending charges of Polish anti-Semitism:   ​ ________________POLISH ANTI-SEMITISM: THE UNTOLD STORY_____________

Was there a black-and-white history of the Polish villain and the Jewish victim? Hardly. As a start, click on the links below and read my detailed reviews.

(I). Certain common negative characterizations of Jews (e. g, greedy, unscrupulous) were also recognized, by thoughtful Jews, as having some basis in fact:

To Live With Honor, to Die With Honor: Documents from the Warsaw Ghetto Underground Archives

(II). Many "anti-Semitic" themes (e. g, the Jew as the perpetual Other), for which Poles nowadays are selectively blamed, were also widely held by respectable Jews:

Jewish People, Yiddish Nation: Noah Prylucki and the Folkists in Poland

(III). Centuries of economic privileges had essentially made Jews an economic overclass over Poles. Both the nobility and peasantry had been made dependent upon Jews. In time, all this led to Polish efforts to "take Poland back" from the Jews. Even then, the AVERAGE Jew remained better off than the average Pole:

Social and Political History of the Jews in Poland 1919-1939 (New Babylon: Studies in the Social Sciences)

(IV). Not long after the Partitions of Poland, which erased Poland off Europe's map (1795-1918), most local Jews sided with Poland's foreign rulers, notably during Polish battles for independence:

History of the Jews in Russia and Poland: From the Earliest Times Until the Present Day

(V). Jews generally were hostile to the prospect of the resurrection of the Polish state--out of an arguably-narrow self-interest. A newly-reconstructed Polish nation-state would disrupt the geographical continuity of the Jewish "nation-within-nation" in tsarist Russia, and would hinder the movements of Jewish commerce:

The Tragedy of a Generation: The Rise and Fall of Jewish Nationalism in Eastern Europe

(VI). As Polish independence was finally becoming reality (1918), local Jews generally sided with Germany over the contested territories of western Poland:

The White Eagle of Poland

On the Eve: The Jews of Europe Before the Second World War

(VII). As Poland was being resurrected, the local Jews, with the undisguised support of international Jewry, attempted to detach the eastern city of Bialystok from Poland, and make it part of Lithuania or Russia, or even a mini Jewish state:

Jewish Bialystok and Its Diaspora (The Modern Jewish Experience)

(VIII). The so-called Minorities Treaty, being forced on the new Polish state by international Jewish pressure, was not about the Jewish rights of a religious and cultural minority--something that Poland's Jews already freely had. It was all about creating expansive separate-nation rights of Jews on Polish soil:

The Jews and minority rights (1898-1919) (Studies in history, economics, and public law, no. 384)

(IX). Finally, the old religious-based antagonisms did not come only from Poland's Catholicism (e. g, deicide). The unmistakable racism that is part of the Jewish religion was also a cause:

Jewish Identity in Early Rabbinic Writings (Arbeiten Zur Geschichte Des Antiken Judentums Und Des Urchristentums, Vol 23)
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