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Professor Marek J Chakiewicz answeres to myth about POlish Participatin in the Jewish genocide

admin|Tuesday, April 4, 2017

  Actually in German occupied Poland it was the Jewish Councils, the Jewish Police and the so called Jewish gestapo which blackmailed, identified and/or arrested Jews in hiding outside the Ghetto.  They also assisted the Germans in selecting, finding and dragging other Jews to the death transports.  Did they do this out of anti-Semitism?  What generalization should be made as a result?  Do those acts mean all, or most Jews deserved their treatment, or to be maligned as  Jan Grabowski tries to malign innocent Poles with his biased and hateful accusations based on what many consider less than fair and thorough research?  Shame on Grabowski and Ofer Aderet.   Not surprisingly, they, and their supporters will never engage in any debate with their many critics who point out their serious flaws, mistakes, omissions, less than solid evidence for their findings and conclusions, etc.  The only thing I think could possibly motivate their activities would be an attempt to try to drive a wedge between Poles and Jews, to lead Jews to hate Poles by misleading them to believe Poles did horrible things they didn't do, or on a scale that isn't true.  This would automatically lead Poles to hate Jews for accusing them falsely.  The question as to why still remains .....       The claim that there were 250,000 Jewish fugitives in the Generalgouvernment after the deportations is based on nothing but a crude guesstimate made by Szymon Datner, a former director of the Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw, yet it is treated as a given by historians from Warsaw’s Centrum Badań nad Zagładą (Polish Centre for Holocaust Research). In an interview published 30 years ago, Datner stated that “approximately” 200,000 to 250,000 Jews fled from the ghettos without specifying the geographical area. In all likelihood, he had in mind areas outside the Generalgouvernement as well, such as the Białystok district. However, Datner did not provide any statistical data to back up this claim. Moreover, Datner did not attribute the losses among the Jewish fugitives solely to the actions of Poles. See Małgorzata Niezabitowska, Remnants: The Last Jews of Poland (New York: Friendly Press, 1986), 247–50. Datner also estimated that 80,000 to 100,000 of these Jews survived, but Jan Grabowski fails to mention that important information. See Grabowski, Hunt for the Jews, 173. Based on Datner’s guesstimate of 250,000 fugitives, Krzysztof Persak concludes that the number of Jewish victims of the post-deportation hunt for Jews, known as Judenjagd, in the Generalgouvernement was at least 120,000, but it is not known what portion of those losses is attributable to German raids organized immediately after the liquidation of the ghettos, how many Jews returned to remnant ghettos, how many died of hunger and disease, and how many were the victims of actions of the local population. See Engelking and Grabowski, Zarys krajobrazu, 26. Most of these Jewish fugitives either returned to the ghettos on their own or they were captured or killed during the raids carried out by German forces immediately after Aktions took place.     Grabowski is behind a similar manipulation regarding the participation of the Polish police in the Holocaust: “Emanuel Ringelblum, the founder of the Oneg Shabbat, the underground archive of the Warsaw Ghetto—estimated the number of Jewish victims of Polish policemen alone in the ‘hundreds of thousands.’” See Jan Grabowski, “No, Poland’s Elites Didn’t Try To Save the Jews During the Holocaust,” Haaretz, March 18, 2017. In actual fact, Ringelblum used that estimate in the context of the “resettlement actions,” in which the Jewish police was also heavily involved, especially in the large cities. Ringelblum wrote:             The uniformed police has had a deplorable role in the “resettlement actions”. The blood of hundreds of thousands of Polish Jews, caught and driven to the “death vans” will be on their heads. The Germans’ tactics were usually as follows: in the first “resettlement action” they utilized the Jewish Order Service, which behaved no better from the ethical point of view than their Polish opposite numbers. In the subsequent “actions,” when the Jewish Order Service was liquidated as well, the Polish Police force was utilized.   See Emanuel Ringelblum, Polish-Jewish Relations During the Second World War (Evanston, Illinois: Northwestern University Press, 1992), 135. However, later on, when referring specifically to the Polish police, Ringelblum states:   It is difficult to estimate the number of Jews in this country who fell victim thanks to the Blue Police; it must certainly amount to tens of thousands of those who managed to escape the German slaughterers.   Ibid., 136. It is apparent that Ringelblum relies on unverified information and offers nothing more than a crude guesstimate of losses allegedly attributable to the actions of the Polish police. The Polish police, as opposed to the Jewish and other national police forces, did not take part in the liquidation of the larger ghettos such as Warsaw, Łódź, Lwów, Wilno, Białystok, Lublin, Sosnowiec, Będzin, Kraków (Cracow), Kielce, Piotrków Trybunalski, Radom, Grodno, and many other cities. Ringelblum exaggerates the role of Polish police in the liquidation of the Częstochowa and Lublin ghettos, and downplays the role of the critical role of the Jewish police and German forces. The example of Biała Podlaska is also not borne out in Dean, Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933–1945, vol. 2, Part A, 617.         Dr. Chodakiewicz,   ----------  ​The following ​ "bulletin" can be posted, with the embedded links to my reviews, in answer to the never-ending charges of Polish anti-Semitism:   ​ ________________POLISH ANTI-SEMITISM: THE UNTOLD STORY_____________

Was there a black-and-white history of the Polish villain and the Jewish victim? Hardly. As a start, click on the links below and read my detailed reviews.

(I). Certain common negative characterizations of Jews (e. g, greedy, unscrupulous) were also recognized, by thoughtful Jews, as having some basis in fact:

To Live With Honor, to Die With Honor: Documents from the Warsaw Ghetto Underground Archives

(II). Many "anti-Semitic" themes (e. g, the Jew as the perpetual Other), for which Poles nowadays are selectively blamed, were also widely held by respectable Jews:

Jewish People, Yiddish Nation: Noah Prylucki and the Folkists in Poland

(III). Centuries of economic privileges had essentially made Jews an economic overclass over Poles. Both the nobility and peasantry had been made dependent upon Jews. In time, all this led to Polish efforts to "take Poland back" from the Jews. Even then, the AVERAGE Jew remained better off than the average Pole:

Social and Political History of the Jews in Poland 1919-1939 (New Babylon: Studies in the Social Sciences)

(IV). Not long after the Partitions of Poland, which erased Poland off Europe's map (1795-1918), most local Jews sided with Poland's foreign rulers, notably during Polish battles for independence:

History of the Jews in Russia and Poland: From the Earliest Times Until the Present Day

(V). Jews generally were hostile to the prospect of the resurrection of the Polish state--out of an arguably-narrow self-interest. A newly-reconstructed Polish nation-state would disrupt the geographical continuity of the Jewish "nation-within-nation" in tsarist Russia, and would hinder the movements of Jewish commerce:

The Tragedy of a Generation: The Rise and Fall of Jewish Nationalism in Eastern Europe

(VI). As Polish independence was finally becoming reality (1918), local Jews generally sided with Germany over the contested territories of western Poland:

The White Eagle of Poland

On the Eve: The Jews of Europe Before the Second World War

(VII). As Poland was being resurrected, the local Jews, with the undisguised support of international Jewry, attempted to detach the eastern city of Bialystok from Poland, and make it part of Lithuania or Russia, or even a mini Jewish state:

Jewish Bialystok and Its Diaspora (The Modern Jewish Experience)

(VIII). The so-called Minorities Treaty, being forced on the new Polish state by international Jewish pressure, was not about the Jewish rights of a religious and cultural minority--something that Poland's Jews already freely had. It was all about creating expansive separate-nation rights of Jews on Polish soil:

The Jews and minority rights (1898-1919) (Studies in history, economics, and public law, no. 384)

(IX). Finally, the old religious-based antagonisms did not come only from Poland's Catholicism (e. g, deicide). The unmistakable racism that is part of the Jewish religion was also a cause:

Jewish Identity in Early Rabbinic Writings (Arbeiten Zur Geschichte Des Antiken Judentums Und Des Urchristentums, Vol 23)    
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